AD(H)S in first-graders

For many years, the diagnosis of ADHD has been bad news for parents. Behavioural abnormality is on everyone’s mouth and more and more children seem to be affected. ADHD in first-graders is also a hotly debated topic.

Hyperactivity, impulsivity and concentration problems are the most striking symptoms of one of the most common disorders in childhood and adolescence. But not every restless and unconcentrated child must have ADHD.

Various studies with ADHD in first-graders show that misdiagnosis is not uncommon. As soon as boys and girls are conspicuously unfocused at school, parents and educators fear ADHD. But often the presumption is not correct.

Especially in boys with regard to the transition to secondary school, ADHD is diagnosed above average. And there are other flashes.

ADHD in first-graders – overwhelmed at school

For example, the scientists from Ludwig Maximilian University (LMU) and the Care Atlas, an institution of the Central Institute for Health Care, found that children who are born early on are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than others.

ADHD in first-graders is therefore often diagnosed. To the extent that the age of children who seem overwhelmed at school and cannot concentrate is not taken into account, the diagnosis may be wrong. It may be quite normal that first-graders are still too playful to concentrate sufficiently over the long period of a school day.

Large age differences are normal in primary school

Especially at the age of five to seven, children develop very quickly and differently. From concentrated five-year-olds to inattentive seven-year-olds, everything is normal because things are moving at different speeds. There are also differences between boys and girls.

In general, girls can concentrate a little better and have an easier time sitting still and following the lessons. These behavioral characteristics can lead to the incorrect diagnosis of ADHD in first-graders.

The experts speak of four different types of disturbance.

  1. The ADHD mixed type (all components present)
  2. The predominantly inattentive ADHD type (mainly inattentive)
  3. The predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD type (mainly hyperactive and impulsive)
  4. The ADHD-residual type (adolescent or adult, in which not all symptoms that were present in the past are pronounced)

Support for suspected ADHD in first-graders

If first-graders have problems at school, this can be not only ADHD, but also a normal stage of development. First of all, a playful promotion of concentration at home can strengthen the children’s abilities.

A downgrade may also be able to solve the problem quickly, as the child automatically matures. It is possible to have a qualified ADHD test carried out free of charge at the pediatrician or in a counselling centre. Short tests on the Internet can only be a hint, a qualified diagnosis does not replace them.

Book tip ADS

AD(H)S in adolescents

ADHD in puberty

ADHD test distinguishes four types

These types are not identical in themselves, but differ in the strength and expression of the symptoms. ADHD can therefore show itself quite differently and is therefore not easy or premature to diagnose.

The silent, dreamy, resting computer nerd can be affected as much as the loud, constantly talking and extremely strenuous extreme athlete or moderator.

As long as a sufferer can integrate the symptoms of The ADH disorder into his life and perhaps even use them positively, therapy is usually not necessary. However, if the symptoms are very pronounced and hinder life, the patient benefits from help. The ADHD test clarifies here.