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When it comes to spelling, which is still a major problem for many students, the Fresch method cannot be avoided. This very simple but very effective method helps primary school pupils and older children to make fewer spelling mistakes. Even boys and girls who have massive problems with spelling can improve in a short time thanks to the Fresch method.

5 Strategies for Error-Free Writing

The name Fresch is an abbreviation of the term Freiburg law school. A team of teachers and psychologists developed this spelling method in Freiburg. Originally, it was intended only for children with dyslexia or a reading-spelling deficiency. However, the successes were so impressive that the concept has become a recognised teaching method in many primary schools. She helps with essays, dictations and class work.

What is the Fresch method about?

Basically, these are five strategies for children and adolescents to know how German words are written. Various learning channels are activated. The children not only write, but they also speak and move. These are the five strategies of the Fresch Method

  1. Swing
  2. Extend
  3. Derive
  4. Rules
  5. Merkwords

These five strategies work as follows.

Dealing with errors

Strategy number 1 – swinging the syllable

Half of all words can be written correctly by a child if they speak the words slowly and clearly in syllables. It is best for the child to take a step in the writing direction with each syllable, i.e. to the right. At the same time, it supports movement with its hand by drawing a semicircle into the air.

For example: With the word “early piece box” the child swings three times and goes three steps to the right. It is important that there is at least one vowel in each syllable. This knowledge helps a child to find the syllables.

The whole word is then written down as slowly as possible. The child should initially speak out loud. Over time, the loud voice becomes a quiet whisper and ultimately an inaudible, inner language.

Strategy number 2 – extending

A common spelling error is the wrong consonants at the end of a word. These errors can be reduced or even completely excluded if the word is extended. If a child prolongs words ending in g/k and d/t and b/p or double consonants, it is easy to find out their correct spelling. It forms the majority for the single of a word, searches for the basic form of a verb, or increases adjectives to determine how the word is spelled correctly.


Sick – Sick

Hand – Hands

Praise – praise

Strategy number 3 – derive

Words with ä/e or eu/äu and verbs with vowel changes often experience errors. If a child searches for related words before writing, they can find the correct spelling.


Houses comes from house, so is written with ä

Trees come from tree, so is written with äu

Apply Strategy Number 4 Rules

There are some basic spelling rules that a child or adolescent should know. This allows it to effectively reduce its error count. These spelling rules should make a child feel good at memorizing and remembering them over and over again.

  • Capitalization at the beginning of the sentence
  • Capitalization of nouns
  • Case of verbs and adjectives
  • “langes I” (ie)
  • Pre-syllables “before” and “ver”
  • ß or ss

Strategy number 5 – keywords

There are a number of words to which none of the previous four strategies applies. The spelling of these words has simply evolved over time and is not due to a rule. That’s why it only helps to memorize these words. Some of these words can be found in the list of the 100 most common error words. You can find a contribution here.


doctor, namely, then, finally

Achievements through the Fresch Method

Within a short period of time, these five strategies will allow children and young people to significantly improve their spelling. The right time to introduce the Fresch method is at the end of the first class or during the second class. Of course, at first it’s all about very simple words and few strategies. Gradually, difficult words are added and the children learn to apply all five strategies

You can start with these words

First, select loud words to practice. These are words that are written the same as they are heard. Each letter corresponds to one loud. The first step is to ensure that the children pronounce and descript the syllables correctly.

Ro – sen – blu – men

To – ma – ten – sa – lat