Plea for math primary school: For many parents it is natural to look at picture books together with their child and read them aloud, but not to reckon. Reading aloud promotes the child’s vocabulary and makes you want to read it yourself – thus an important building block in preschool support.
- Calculating is a world of its own
Calculating is a world of its own
Just as important, but unfortunately not so widespread, is the preoccupation with the world of numbers, that is, with maths. It is only when a child makes acquaintance with her at an early age that it is easy for him to calculate later.
I like math, everything so beautifully logical.
Knowing numbers, understanding them and actively dealing with them, the status system,children have to learn this step by step. Numbers and numbers are part of everyday life, children find them everywhere. Talk to your child about it so that mathematics can unfold its charm.
Math is a language
Mathematics is like a foreign language in which different sets of different symbols, namely the numbers, are assigned. The 2 represents a lot of two things. It doesn’t matter if they’re cups, thoughts or animals, only the amount is named.
A child has to understand that first. The quantities can then be expected. It’s about doing it and taking it away, that is, getting more and less, or doubling and halving.
Computational histories for 1. and 2nd class
Math primary school – these are the topics
These are the learning objectives of the Bavarian curriculum as representative of all the Länder. The contents of Mathe Grundschule refer to a very good pupil who moves to the grammar school after the fourth grade.
Math primary school: figures up to 1 000 000
- Bundle and disassemble large numbers (e.g. 700000 = 40000+30000 or 70000 = 30000+40000 or 70000 = 2×35000)
- Large numbers compare larger, smaller, equal and arrange (e.g. neighbor ingenuized thousands)
- On smooth tens or multiples of 10, 100 or 1000 rounds
- Form sequences of numbers (e.g. count forward or backward in thousands) and continue the sequences of numbers that have started
Math Primary School: Calculation
- Add and subtract (until end class 3), divide and multiply (by end class 4)
- Head calculation or half-written calculation
- Once-in-a-half rows of 1-10 as well as the tens of 10-90 can be by heart
- Unlocking the great one-off (rows of 11-19) through the related tasks of the small one-off
- Solve number puzzles in which all types of calculation are connected.
Learning area: dealing with sizes
- Know the sizes of the volume (liters, milliliters), money (euro, cent), weight (tonne, kilogram, gram), lengths (kilometers, meters, centimeters, millimeters) and time (hour, minute, second)
- Master size conversions (e.g. 1 euro = 100 ct)
- values in comma notation (e.g. 2.7km) can be displayed
- breaker representations (e.g. 1/4 hour or 1/4 liters)
Math Primary School: Learning Area: Calculation
- Create and read tables, graphs, and charts
- Solve text tasks and find questions about them
- Use solution aids (e.g. sketch or table).
- Master text tasks with at least three arithmetic steps
- Take samples / counter-calculation to check your own solution
Math Primary School: Geometry
- Handling of site plans and floor plans (scale)
- Know the geometric shapes (square, rectangle, triangle, trapezoid, circle) with their properties (e.g. number of corners)
- Know the geometric bodies (cubes, cuboids, cylinders, pyramids, cones) with their properties (e.g. nets)
- Calculating the spatial contents of bodies
- Familiar with axis and rotational symmetry (e.g. mirroring figures or finding mirror axes)
- Draw and measure routes with the ruler
- Inventing and continuing patterns (e.g. parquets or ornaments)
- Draw figures, both hands-free and with the ruler
- Measuring angles with the geo-triangle
- Head geometry
Math primary school is everywhere in everyday life
What can parents do to familiarize their child with the world of numbers, i.e. math selementary school? This is not as difficult as it first appears. Because the everyday life of children offers numerous opportunities to discover arithmetic tasks.
The more attentive you look, the more diverse the possibilities. At the beginning there is counting – and counting can be done everywhere in the apartment: the toothbrushes in the bathroom, the shoes on the shelf, the glasses on the table, the pictures on the wall, the fingers of a hand or the plates on the stove.
Note that the quantities do not become too large and that this is a game.
Combine counting, for example, with a fun competition: What do you mean, are there more or less than four chairs here at the table? For preschoolers, counting quantities up to ten is already a high requirement.
Therefore, every counting attempt should be registered with praise. Math primary school takes place in many everyday situations.