Tips to better understand texts
Reading alone is not enough – only those who understand texts can do something with them. For example, for text tasks, non-fiction texts or for work instructions (e.g. handicraft instructions, recipe, operating instructions). Understanding text is a fundamental skill that, according to scientific research, is decreasing in students.
Reading but not understanding
Many children and adolescents can read a text, but they do not understand the meaning contained. That’s bad. Stagnant deciphering takes a lot of time, the meaning remains hidden from them.
You cannot extract the most important information and do not benefit from what you read. In the long term, a lack of understanding of the text is a serious shortcoming and will lead to school failure. Those who have to read and explain everything lose precious learning time and slowly but surely hang on to everything.
How can the understanding of the text be improved?
It becomes important for older students not only to be able to answer questions from texts, but also to be able to think further. Anfngs is tedious, but with a little practice, texts are becoming more and more easily open up. This is achieved by your child asking questions about the text being read.
These questions improve the understanding of the text
- What does the story say?
- How might the story go on?
- What can I learn from this?
- What aspects are worth considering?
- What have I experienced myself?
- How would I have behaved?
- The story could have been different if the main character had behaved differently.
Texts can be further developed
Sometimes a child is also expected to develop a read text. This also includes not only imagination and creativity, but also, of course, knowledge to integrate the read content and the intention of the author into his ideas.
The following techniques make it easier for your child to work out the meaning of the texts. However, children do not start with these slightly more difficult questions before 3rd grade. Among the most important techniques are.
Exercise on text comprehension
Read the following text carefully and use some comprehension tricks. After reading and editing the story, you can certainly easily answer the questions under the text.
Your tasks for understanding text
- Mark all the words you don’t know with a red marker and let your parents explain them to you.
- Mark signal words that you think are important with a yellow marker.
- Underline all names.
- Invent a heading for the text.
- Summarize the most important events from the text in one sentence.
After a busy day, Luke falls into his bed tired in the evening. The 8-year-old is completely exhausted from this memorable day when he won his first hockey tournament. With his team he celebrated all afternoon with ice cream and pancakes, until everyone wanted to go home with exhaustion.
A few hours later, at 2 a.m., Luke suddenly wakes up. It must be late if he doesn’t even hear his father in the living room. Something feels strange. Luke feels moisture under his cheek. Maybe he accidentally went back to bed? Frightened, he reaches over himself and immediately finds the light switch of his reading lamp. After a brief moment, his eyes have become accustomed to the light. What Luke sees gives him a great fright.
His pillow is moist and blood red, his hair is glued and the duvet also has stains. What happened? Luke begins to cry in terror and calls anxiously for his parents. A short time later, his father stands in the room door and mutters, “What’s going on?” Did you dream badly?” Then he sees the bloody gift. “Auweia!” laughs Luke’s father after a second of terror. “But it looks dangerous.” Then he takes his son in his arms and comforts him. “You had nosebleeds in your sleep. Don’t worry, this happens to many children and is not dangerous.
In the bath, he washes the sticky blood with a washcloth carefully from his face and hair. The bleeding is already satisfied and after 5 minutes Luke looks clean again. But he doesn’t want to go to his smeared bed anymore. Exceptionally, his father allows him to spend the rest of the night in his parents’ bed. After a short time, Luke falls asleep with relief between his parents.
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- In which sport did Lukas win? ((Hockey))
- How much clock does Luke wake up at? (Around 2 a.m.)
- What does Luke think when he wakes up? ((that he went to bed))
- What happened to Luke in his sleep? ((he had nosebleeds))
- How does Luke spend the rest of the night? ((with his parents in bed))